Rem Veg; Invasive vines project
 
 
Go to: Invasive vines project home page Go to: Invasive vines; the problem  
What you can do to help
       
    Learn to identify these invasive plants and distinguish them from natives.
       
   
Use native plants for gardening and landscaping; native varieties are suited to the local environment so they usually require less watering and maintenance
       
   
Inspect your property regularly for invasive plants, and remove them before they become widespread. Replace them with a more desirable species; disturbed soil creates prime conditions for the invader to return.
       
    Join a local community group in your neighbourhood for regular invasive species removal days.
       
   
Dispose of garden waste responsibly, by burning them (if and when permitted) or sending them to the landfill, rather than by composting or dumping them in natural water bodies where they can spread to the wild.
       
   
Be careful that plants you purchase at retail outlets for your garden are not invasive species.
     




       
  Free identification poster  
   
     
       
 
 
 
12 Invasive climbers and creepers; Identification
 
 
 
Pictured below are twelve of the most common and destructive invasive vines and creepers found in coastal bushland in our area. Scout your property regularly for invasive plants, and remove them before they become widespread. If you remove invasives, make sure to replace them with a more desirable species; disturbed soil creates prime conditions for the invader to return. On steep slopes, you may want to remove only a small amount of invasives at one time, and replant with natives immediately, to avoid erosion.
 
 
         
 
 
 
         
 
Butterfly pea Clitoria sp.
This perennial herbaceous plant thrives in moist soil but can tolerate a wide range of soil types. It grows as a vine or creeper and is rapidly becoming a serious threat to native bushlands. The most striking feature about this plant are its vivid deep blue flowers when growing in the sun, in shaded areas they become a pale violet or even white.
 
Singapore daisy Sphagneticola trilobata
Originally from Central America this is common in gardens but becomes a rapidly spreading weed in bushland, growing in a broad range of habitats, even in sand. The leaves are in pairs along the stem are, and glossy green, with serrated margins, . Flowers are yellow daisies to 3 cm diameter.It forms a dense mat, spreads by seeds and will root from cuttings.
 
 
     
         
 
Rubbervine Cryptostegia grandiflora
This is a woody-perennial vine that can reach up to 30 metres in length. The woody stems are lined with small bumps, have milky sap and pairs of green waxy leaves with red or purple mid ribs. Flowers are whitish-pink with large woody seed pods that disperse seeds into the wind or water. It grows rapidly, smothering other plants and is a severe threat to biodiversity.
 
Blue morning glory Ipomoea indica
This is commonly found in disturbed sites, bushland margins and along roads and waterways. The leaves are variable in shape, from 'heart-shaped' to three-lobed, the upper leave surface is covered in soft hairs. Flowers are tubular and bright blue or bluish-purple. The seed capsules turn brown as they mature and contain dark seeds that are partly covered in long silky hairs.
 
 
     
         
 
Coast morning glory Ipomoea cairica
This probably originates from tropical Africa and Asia and is commonly found in disturbed sites, bush land margins, coastal sand dunes and along waterways. It is a climber or creeper with very distinctive leaves having 5-7 finger-like lobes and large purple, purplish-pink or whitish tubular flowers with a darker centre.
 
Dutchmans pipe Aristolochia elegans
This has a preference for moist, fertile soils, making it a prime invader of rainforest habitat. The stems are woody with heart shaped leaves that form a dense attractive foliage. The large flowers resemble a Sherlock Holme's pipe, hence the common name of "Dutchman's pipe". It flowers throughout summer, the seeds are winged and are dispersed by wind.
 
         
     
         
 
Brazilian nightshade Solanum seaforthianum
This is a member of the Solanum family related to the tomato and potato and is found in closed forests, urban bushland, roadsides, disturbed sites and along watercourses. It has clusters of four to seven leaves and can climb to a height of 6 m. It blooms in the mid to late summer with clusters of star-shaped purple flowers followed by scarlet marble-sized berries.
 
Cats claw creeper Macfadyena unguis-cati
This is widespread in coastal summer rainfall areas and is found along fences, in disturbed areas, bushland fringes and along waterways. The three clawed tendrils growing from each leaf stalk give the plant its name "Cat's Claw". Plants reproduce from tubers and adventitious roots. The large flowers are yellow and seeds are dispersed by water and strong wind.
 
         
     
         
 
Madeira vine Anredera cordifolia
This is a perennial climber found on fertile moist soils, in creeks and the edges of rainforest. Reproduction is entirely vegetative from thousands of aerial tubers and underground stems. Leaves are shiny, succulent and rounded to heart-shaped up to 10cm long. Blooming in autumn flowers are small, tubular cream-white drooping in long fragrant "lamb's tail" sprays.
 
Chinese violet Asystasia gangetica
This is a rapidly growing perennial herb that can grow over shrubs up to 3m tall. Leaves and stems have scattered hairs and the flowers are 20–25mm long and mostly white with purple blotches. Fruit is 30–31mm long, guitar shaped, and contain four flattened seeds held in place by conspicuous hooks. Plants spread by seed and/or rhizomes.
 
         
     
         
 
Asparagus fern
This is one of the most difficult and labour intensive weeds to remove from bushland. It is especially aggressive in forests, rainforest margins and vegetation along waterways and in disturbed sites, parks and gardens. Reproduction is mainly by seed, clusters of small whitish - green flowers form red or black berries that are eaten and spread by birds and other animals.
 
White convolvulus creeper Merremia dissecta
This is found on disturbed areas associated with settlements and on roadsides. The papery seed capsules are star-shaped and contain the hard black/brown seeds, these shatter and disperse seeds around the parent plant. Plants also spread by rooting at nodes and fragmentation. Leaves typically have three to five leaflets and are covered in fine hairs.